SELECTED CATALOGUING TOOL ACRONYMS, ETC.
J. McRee (Mac) Elrod
10 July 2014
AACR = Anglo American Cataloguing Rules (1968); AACR2 (1978,
1988, 1998); published jointly by ALA, NLC, and LA
A-G MARCit see MARCit
AGent see MARCit
ACOC = Australian Committee of Cataloguing; member of JSC
ALA = American Library Association
ALCTS = Association for Library Collections & Technical Services; member
AMICUS = "friend" in Latin; the Canadian National Union Catalogue
AusMARC = Australian MARC; largely replaced by MARC21
Autocat = An electronic forum for the discussion of all questions
relating to cataloguing and authority control in libraries
BDRB see DCRB
BIBCO = The bibliographic record component program of the PCC through
which participants create cataloguing records using mutually agreed
Bibframe = Bibliographic coding system designed to replace MARC's
nunber tages with verbal ones, e.g.,
Big Red Books see LCSH
BL = British Library
BNB = British National Bibliography
CanMARC see MARC
Catss see MARCit
CC:DA = Committee on Cataloging : Descriptive & Access of ALA, which
develops proposals to JSC
CCC = Canadian Committee on Cataloguing; member of JSC
CDS - Former Cataloging Distribution Service (LC)
CEL = Canadian Electronic Library, an aggrigator of Canadian tradebooks
and Web documents.
CIP = Catalog(u)ing in Publication; data provided by national
cataloguing agencies for printing on the verso of title pages; also
incomplete MARC record based on that data; sometimes pronounced "sip",
but more often "see eye pea"
CLA = Canadian Library Association
CONSER = An international cooperative cataloguing program and component
of PCC ; also used to refer to their
CORC see OCLC
CPSO = Cataloging Policy & Support Office (LC). now PSD
CSB = Cataloging Service Bulletin (LC) ISSN 0160-8029
DC = Dublin Core (a minimum standard for bibliographic records); also
used for Dewey Decimal Classification, prefer DDC for the
DCRB = Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Books (LC manual); formerly BDRB
(Bibliographic Description of Rare Books).
DCRB is now being replaced by the DCRM series, with DCRM(B) in
use since January 2007, i.e. _Descriptive cataloging of rare materials
(books)_. DCRM(S) for serials and (M) for music are both in the works.
It's a project of the Bibliographic Standards Committee of the Rare
Books and Manuscripts Section of the Association of College and
DDC = Dewey Decimal Classification
DLC = Code for the Library of Congress in NUC and the MARC Code List for
Organizations; used in MARC 040 of authority and bibliographic records
created or revised by LC; "D" represents District of Columbia, where
LC is located; DLC is also used to refer to the Depository Library
Council, a group which advises the GPO on the U.S. Federal Depository
Library Program, under which selected U.S. government publications are
sent free to selected libraries.
DOI = Digital object identifier.
EAD see Metadata
ESTC = English Short Title Catalogue; data base hosted by RLG; covers
English language titles published in Great Britain 1473-1800
FAST = OCLC supplied sibkect terms, suitable for keyword
searching but problematic for display and indexing. What would
be subdivisions in LCSH, and separate headings in FAST.
FRAR = Functional Requirements of Authority Records (IFLA)
FRBR = Functional Requirements of Bibliographic Records (IFLA)
FTP = File transfer protocol; method of data transmission via the
GILS see Metadata.
GMD = General Material Designation, coded 245$h. Replaced in RDA
by 226-338 media terms.
GPO = U.S. Government Printing Office; cf. DLC
Green Book/Bible = Rules for Description Cataloging in the Library of
GSAFD = Guidelines on Subject Access to Individual Works of Fiction,
Drama, etc. (ALA); When genre term from the list is used in 655,
these lower case initials appear in $2
IFLA = International Federation of Library Associations
ILS = Integrated Library System. A suite of automation programs which
are used to automated the operations of a library, from acquisitions
through cataloguing to circulation. They range from simple freeware
programs which can be downloaded, to expensive systems to be purchased or leased.
IRI = Internationalized resource identifier
ISBD = International Standard Bibliographic Description, from which
the AACR punctuation marks come; initials following in curves indicate
format for which intended, e.g. (G) general, (M) monographs
ISNI = International Standard Name Indentifier (Proposed identier of names)
ISBN = International Standard Book Number (MARC 020)
ISNI = International Standard Name Identifier
ISSN = International Standard Serial Number (MARC 022)
ISTC = International Standard Text Code (Proposal tp allow linking of expressions/manifestations)
JSC = Joint Steering Committee for AACR, now RDA
LA = Library Association (British)
LAC = Library and Archives Canada, formerly NLC
LC = Used for both Library of Congress and Library of Congress
Classification; prefer LCC for the classification; LC's
LCC = Library of Congress Classification
LCGFT = Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms
LCCN = Library of Congress Control Number (formerly Library of Congress
Card Number); carried in MARC field 001 in records distributed by CDS
and in MARC field 010 ; also Library of
Congress Cataloging Newsline, the electronic journal of the
LCNA = Library of Congress Name Authorities maintained jointly with NACO
LCPS = Library of Congress Policy Statements concerning RDA implementation.
LCPCCPS = Joint LC PCC (cf.) RDA Policy Statements concerning RDA
LCRI = Library of Congress Rule Interpretations to AACR2; The British Library,
the National Library of Canada, and the National Library of Australia
also have rule interpretations, which have been combined in AACR2
Decisions & Rule Interpretations published by ALA and CLA. Cf. LCPS.
LCSH = Library of Congress Subject Headings
LITA = Library and Information Technology Association; member of MARBI
Mansell see NUC
MARBI = The ALCTS/LITA/RUSA Machine Readable Bibliographic Information
(ALA) ; nine voting members make decisions concerning MARC21
MARC = Machine Readable Cataloguing, coding for bibliographic
information; MARC21 ("21" for 21st century) currently harmonizes
USMARC, CanMARC, and UKMARC with the loss of UKMARC's 248 for
MARCit = Bibliographic utility featuring authority control owned by
Auto-Graphics, replacing Canada's Catss (formerly Utlas); renamed
AGent; also unrelated software for creating MARC records from websites
MCD = Music Cataloging Decisions (LC)
MeSH = Medical Subject Headings (NLM)
Metadata = Information about data, usually electronic data.
There are many metadata schemes being used for specific tasks by
various groups. Some are as complex as MARC21, FGDC for example.
but most are less complex and use natural language tags rather than
EAD (Encoded Archival Description) is used by the archival community.
It even will accept MARC tags. http://www.loc.gov/ead/
GILS (Government Information Locator Service) is used extensively and
is supported by Z39.50. http://www.gils.net/
METS (Metadata Encoding & Transmission) is a bit like RDF in that it
can use many metadata schemes. http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/
There are many others. TEI, PICS and V Card for example. IFLA keeps
quite a long list at: http://www.ifla.org/II/metadata.htm
[Thanks to David Bigwood for agreeing to the addition of these links to
this list; .]
MHCC = MARC Harmonization Coordinating Committee. On August 16, 2002,
in Glasgow, the members of MHCC completed the signing of an agreement
confirming the commitment of the National Library of Canada, the
Library of Congress and the British Library to work together on the
maintenance and development of the MARC21 format.
MRIs = Michael/Mac Rule Interpretations of AACR2 for creation of
RDA compatible records on the Special Libraries Cataloguing website
NACO = Cooperative name authority program component of PCC; responsible
for the NAF
NAF = Name Authority File (LCNA)
NLC = National Library of Canada, now LAC
NLM = National Library of Medicine (U.S.) or National Library of
Medicine Classification (substitutes "W" for LCC's "R" for medicine)
NUC = National Union Catalogue (in both U.S. and Canada); U.S. NUC began
as LC book version of its printed cards; pre 1956 imprints also called
Mansell for its publisher; in microform only post 1983
OCLC = Online Computer Library Center, Inc.; bibliographic utility which
began as Ohio College Library Center; based in Dublin, Ohio;
proprietor of WoldCat and CORC (Cooperative Online Resource Catalog, a metadata creation systems for websites)
ONIX = Online Informatiion Exchange, metadata in XML created by publishers
for sales purposes. Cf. Metadata
OPAC = Onlline Public Access Catalogue
ORCID = Open Researcher and Contributor ID
OWL = Web Ontology Language
PCC = Program for Cooperative Cataloging (LC); comprised of BIBCO,
CONSER, NACO and SACO (q.v.)
PDF = Portable Document Format
PSD = Policy and Standards Division (LC); formerly CPSO
RDA = Resource Description and Access, the replacement for
AACR2 (q.v.) implemented March 31, 2013.
RDF see Metadata
Red Book/Bible = ALA Cataloguing Rules for Author and Title Entries
Red Books see LCSH
RI see LCRI
RLG see RLIN
RLIN = Bibliographic utility of Research Libraries Group (RLG).
Database absorbed by OCLC.
RSN = Record sequence number; 001 and 010 at LC, 001 and 016 at NLC,
001 in other systems; other system numbers sometimes moved to 035
QPARQL see SPARQL
RDF = Resource Description Framework, a standard for exchange
of data on the Web.
RUSA = Reference User & Services Association; member of MARBI
RVM = Repertoire de vedettes-matiere, Canadian French subject headings
SACO = Subject Authority Cooperative Program component of PCC (LC) for
submitting additions and changes to LCSH
SCM = Subject Cataloging Manual (LC) in three sections:
SCM:SH Subject Headings
SMD = Special Material Designation, a term in collation giving the
carrier name. Called "unit name" in RDA.
SPARQl = Searching web linked data technique.
SQL = Programming language for managing data in a relatinal
SUDOC = Superintendent of Documents (U.S.) classification MARC 086 0
UBC = Universal Bibliographic Control, a program of IFLA
UDC = Universal Decimal Classification, an European scheme which allows
number building to express relationships between subjects
UKMARC = British MARC, to be superseded by MARC21
UniMARC = International MARC (IFLA); less used that MARC21
URI = Universal Resource Identifier
URL = Universal Resource Location
URN = Uniform resource name
USMARC see MARC
Utlas see MARCit
VIAF = Virtual International Authority File, an automated list of names.
WEMI = Work/Expression/Maefestation/Item, the four levels of
description by which RDA is arranged.
Work = basic intellectual or artistic creation
Expression = a version of the work, e.g., a translations
Manifestation - A particularphysical or electronic emobdiment of
of the work, e.g., an edition
Item - a particular instance, e.g., a copy
WLN = Washington/Western Library Network; former bibliographic utility
featuring quality and authority control, absorbed by OCLC
WorldCat see OCLC
WWW = World Wide Web; electronic information network
XML = Markup schema for metadata.