Cuttering & Years
J. McRee (Mac) Elrod
10 October 2014
The LC Cutter table is used by SLC.
The following differences are observed:
Mc and Mac are Cuttered M1 followed by a number representing the capital letter after Mc or Mac.
"A" is Cuttered "2" unless it is the final number, in which case it is "3". (In the LCC table A is 3.)
The final number is never "1"; "1" is used with LCC Cutters for a translation followed by a number for the language:
If a title main entry begins with signs or symbols, Cutter by the first actual word.
.x Original work
.x13 English translation
.x14 French translation
.x15 German translation
.x16 Italian translation
.x163 Japanese translation
.x165 Korean translation
.x17 Russian translation
.x18 Spanish translation
.x165 Polish translation
.x19 Ukranian translation
"2" is appended for an accompanying item or critique; otherwise a Cutter should never end in "2".
Following LCC class numbers, the first two numbers are from the 2nd and 3rd letters of the main entry, (and for SLC) the third number from the first letter of the title (if 1XX) not an article, or the next meaningful word (if 245 main entry). In congested areas, a fourth and rarely a fifth number may be used.
If there are many items in the same class with the same main entry, e.g. the publications of a conference, too long Cutters may be avoided by appending work letters beginning with "b". The same technique may be used when two editions are published the same year, adding the work letter t the year.
In DDC, the first two numbers are from the 2nd and 3rd letter of the main entry. If 1XX, the first letter of the title (not an article) is added in lower case; use upper case for "L".
Biographies are Cuttered by the biographee. In DDC, add the first letter of the author's surname as workmark. Cutter criticism to stand with the work being critiqued. For LCC, add the number "2". For DDC, add the workmark "x" and the first letter of the author's surname in upper case.
Where there are many main entries beginning with the same word in a number, e.g., "Canada", use sequential numbers, i.e., 110 1 C24 (government main entry), 110 2 C25 (organization main entry), 245 C26 (title main entry).
For acronyms with spaces, code the first space as "1", e.g. U N U15.
SLC continues the earlier practice of Cuttering numbers as if spelled in the language of the text, e.g., "50" in an English text would be Cuttered "F53".
LC practice when Cuttering for Roman or Arabic numerals, is to use the Cutters .A12 - .A19. However, if entries already in the shelflist have been assigned form numbers (e.g., .A5 for the corporate heading United States. Dept. of ...)LC Cutter numerals to file directly after those entries. Because of the infinite range of numbers, LC chooses a Cutter toward the center of the available span when Cuttering for the first numeral in a class. This will allow room for both smaller and larger numbers. Follow this practice even with relatively low numbers since decimal fractions are filed in numeric order before the number 1. (See G 63, Section 3, Subject Cataloging Manual: Shelflisting.)
Some prefer to follow "A1" with the number being Cuttered, avoiding A11. This matches computer filing, of titles being Cuttered (in which 102 would file before 2), e.g., "50" would be Cuttered "A15" , unless that number has been assigned a meaning in the schedule, or has been used, in which case the first available number would be used., pushing "Aaron" further down. (This taking up numbers needed for main entry Cuttering, as well as being consistent with earlier practice, is why SLC continues Cuttering as if spelled out.)
Remember not to end a Cutter with 0.
Except for open entries (having year as part of holdings), year is always added*. For loose-leaf services append "+" to the year. For law serials classed as REPORTS, STATS, etc. use the jurisdiction abbreviation (e.g., CAN, ONT, B.C., U.S., CALIF) followed by the beginning year with "+".
For literary authors where LCC class number represents a certain letter, and no number has been established for the author, use the second letter of the surname, two numbers from the 3rd and 4th letters of the surname, and a third from the first letter of the given name, plus a second Cutter based on the title.
A memory trick is that usually a vowel is one less if following another vowel, e.g., Put P88 but Out O78. Skip "u" after "Q", e.g., Quit Q58.
When a letter falls between letters in the tables, use the number of the letter before, e.g., Story = S76, Aaron = A27.
After initial S
for the second letter: A C E H L R U X
use: 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
After initial Qu
for the third letter: A B E I O R U X
use: 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
for the second letter: A B E I O R U Y
use: 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
for the second letter: B D L N P R S U
use: 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
**The year follows the final Cutter except as noted below, and for serials (the year forms part of the call number of individual volumes; see below). For monographs add the year from 260$c. For conference proceedings, add the year from 110 or 111 $d. For sets published over a span of years, give the span, e.g., 1956-89 (DLC gives year of v.1). For sets still being published and loose-leaf services, add a "+" to beginning year, e.g., 2000+ (DLC gives year of v.1 for sets in progress, and no year for loose-leaf services). Some LCC class numbers are divided directly by year with no Cutter. SLC adds a Cutter following the year for such numbers (customers assume they are incomplete otherwise).
Substitute "0" for - and and a "z" for decades in 260$c, e.g., 260$c[199-?] = 1990z.
In giving years in holdings statements (they print on labels), show a split year with a backward slash, e.g., [1998\99] (a backward slash prints as a forward slash in the SLC label printing program, while a forward slash starts a new line); show a span of years with a hyphen, e.g. [1995-98] (there is a maximum of eight spaces).
Sometimes in LCC tables you are instructed to Cutter by title A-Z using a limited range of numbers, e.g., table N6 instructs one to use Cutters A.6-79.
You pick a number in the same relative position in the range as the first letter of the title.
Thus if you have has a title beginning "I", the Cutter would be .A68.
Numbers might vary slightly from the above, depending on what is already in the shelf list (as is true for all Cutter tables). You could add a 3rd number for H, K, N. Q, Y, W, and Y-Z. If you had two works beginning with the same letter, you would also add a 3rd number.
Sometimes there is a range of only ten numbers, i.e., A4-A49:
As with any other table, numbers might vary slightly from the above, depending on what is already in the shelf list. One may add a 3rd or 4th number if there are two works beginning with the same letter. If a low use number, One could use only the first two numbers.
For a translation, add "1" to the Cutter of the original, and a number for the language of the translation, e.g., 3 for English and 4 for French.
NB: This table is not suggested for libraries outside Canada. Other countries outside the United States with states or provinces might find such a table helpful for their own countries' material.
Canada also has expansions of the LCC tables: FC Canadian history, KF Commonwealth law (in order to interfile commonlaw jurisdictions by topic), and PS 8000 Canadian literature. Some Canadian libraries use the earlier Moys K, which also interfiles commonlaw jurisdictions. Library and Archives Canada (LAC) records have these numbers in MARC 055 along with LCC numbers. (SLC changes standard LCC numbers in LAC records to 050 4 when contributing to a bibliographic utility, but leaves these uniquely Canadian numbers in 055.) Libraries using LAC records need to check that the 055 number is in fact an LCC number.
CUTTERS FOR CANADIAN PROVINCES
Cutters before the names of the provinces are to be used when cuttering A-Z by country or region. Cutters following the names of the provinces are to be used when cuttering A-Z by province.
C2 Canada N/A
C25 Alberta A4
Atlantic Provinces A8 see C39
C26 British Columbia B7
C28 Manitoba M3
C3 New Brunswick N4
C31 Nfld. & Labrador N5
NWT see C39 N6
C32 Nova Scotia N7
Nunavut N8 see C39
C34 Ontario O6
C36 P.E.I. P7
C37 Saskatchewan S3
C38 Quebec Q4
Western Provinces W37 see C39
Yukon Y8 see C39
This will occasionally require adding a "4" before the "3" of an LC Cutter for Canary Islands through Central Europe. (The first C4 number
in the LC Regions and Countries Table is C45 for Chad.)
A TLC resource: